13 years ago
What is being said in this chapter is still going on today even after the crucifixion of his Son, Jesus Christ.
First of all you have to understand something. Israel, consists of all 12 tribes. Today in our time, all 12 tribes are still around, but not as many think. They are those of us who are or happen to be decendants of the original 12 tribes. Who are they? Could be you and me, but no one really knows since 10 of them are supposedly lost, but all 12 shall be represented at the Second Coming.
What this chapter is about is how man even now, fall into idol worship and do rituals not seen by God. Which are an abomination to God. You may ask, what rituals do we do today, that are an abomination to God. All things done in all churches are wrong in the eyes of God. Baptisams in water, sacrements, confessionals, and so on and so on.
For example in verse 13 of chapter 2 in Jeremiah, that specifically attacks baptisams, for we are to follow God who shall baptise us with the Holy Ghost, but man has put baptisam in water as the only way to be forgiven of your sins. The water God is talking here is the same water his son Jesus Christ talked about giving the woman at the well. The water is Christs words. Not drinking water or any kind of water. We are to submerge ourselves in Christ's words and upon that Christ shall baptise you in the Holy Spirit.
As the men who Peter met who had received the Holy Spirit without being baptised in water and then Peter commanded them to be baptised in water after already receiveing the Holy Ghost. Peter misunderstood his vision and since we've been doing the same vain rituals of man, which have and always will be an abomination to God.
What I have said, may seem harsh, but it is truth. The tree of life has a fruit which is bitter to the stomache yet sweet to the taste. That fruit which is pure white is truth.
God is raising unto himself in our time right now a people who shall survive the day of the Lord, which is slowly creeping upon us. Read Chapter 8;verses 10-12, in the Book of Hebrews. This is the covenant which was made to Moses people, but they didn't follow and went back to their idols of wood and such. It was taken from them and upon Christ crucifixion came back into effect, and has been in effect all these thousands of years.
God has never changed his ways. Man has become smarter and more modernized in todays world, but when it comes to God we pale in comparison to those of old.
Signs are all around us proving that these are the last days before the coming of Christ. Many mock and laugh. Many are more evil than in the time of Sodom and Gomorrah. Our God is money, and many follow men instead of God.
The Old Testament is a testament also of what will befall us in our time also. Yet, because God is in no hurry and may take many many years before he begins preparing this world, in which the start has begun, many don't believe in him or care. We've become arrogant and think of ourselves as Gods in many ways.
We idolize movie stars men of wealth and status. We have been in the me generation for a long time. America has become the beast described in Revelation. The Anti-Christ has been on earth for a long time. The Anti-Christ is anything that takes you away from God.
Do you follow God or do you follow men who say they follow God? read Chapter 14; verses 7-11 in the book of Ezekiel and see what God thinks of those who follow men to learn of God instead of asking God to teach them.
The truth that is in the bible can set you free. For the pure truth of God, shall set you free of the world of men, which we must all overcome if we expect to survive the day of the Lord which is in the near future.
13 years ago
The Jews forsook the Lord, the fountain of living waters, they change their gods and worship idols, and reject the prophets
The Lord led his young bride "out of the land of Egypt, . . . through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt" (Jer. 2:6). He brought her to "a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof and the goodness thereof" (Jer. 2:7). But when Israel arrived she "defiled" the land and followed other gods. The charge against Israel is thus infidelity-in the imagery of the covenant as marriage, it is adultery. As demonstrated by the reign of Manasseh, seeking after foreign gods was also an integral part of foreign political alliances, which included accepting their gods and their images into the temple. The Lord placed the blame for such apostasy on the priests ("they that handle the law"), the shepherds ("pastors," perhaps a reference here to the kings and princes indicted in Jer. 1:18), and the prophets (Jer. 2:8).
"Hath a nation changed their gods?" Jehovah asked his people. Have they accepted gods "which are yet no gods"? he asked. "My people have changed their glory for that which doth not profit," he said. "Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the Lord. For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, and that can hold no water." (Jer. 2:11-13.) Israel forsook Jehovah, from whom living waters flow, and worshipped other gods. Israel no longer drank the living water, which, if men drink, they shall never thirst more. Rather she made her own churches, her own cisterns-"broken cisterns," false churches-which can hold none of the waters of life.
13 years ago
God expresses his continued regard for his people, long since chosen, 1-3. He then expostulates with them on their ungrateful and worse than heathen return to his regard, 4-11; at which even the inanimate creation must be astonished, 12,13. After this their guilt is declared to be the sole cause of the calamities which their enemies had power to inflict on them, 14-17. They are upbraided for their alliances with idolatrous countries, 18,19; and for their strong propensity to idolatry, notwithstanding all the care and tender mercy of God, 20-29. Even the chastenings of the Almighty have produced in this people no repentance, 30. The chapter concludes with compassionately remonstrating against their folly and ingratitude in revolting so deeply from God, and with warning them of the fearful consequences, 31,37.
Notes on Chapter 2
Verse 2. I remember thee
The youth here refers to their infant political state when they came out of Egypt; they just then began to be a people. Their espousals refer to their receiving the law at Mount Sinai, which they solemnly accepted, Exodus 24:6-8, and which acceptance was compared to a betrothing or espousal. Previously to this they were no people, for they had no constitution nor form of government. When they received the law, and an establishment in the Promised Land, then they became a people and a nation.
Wentest after me
Receivedst my law, and wert obedient to it; confiding thyself wholly to my guidance, and being conscientiously attached to my worship. The kindness was that which God showed them by taking them to be his people, not their kindness to him.
Verse 3. Israel was holiness unto the Lord
Fully consecrated to his service.
The first fruits of his increase
They were as wholly the Lord's, as the first fruits were the property of the priests according to the law, Numbers 18:13. These the priests alone had a right to devote to their own use.
All that devour him shall offend
As they were betrothed to the Lord, they were considered his especial property; they therefore who injured them were considered as laying violent hands on the property of God. They who persecute God's children have a grievous burden to bear, an awful account to give.
Verse 5. What iniquity have your fathers found in me
Have they ever discovered any thing cruel, unjust, oppressive in my laws? Any thing unkind or tyrannical in my government? Why then have they become idolaters?
Verse 6. Through the wilderness
Egypt was the house of their bondage: the desert through which they passed after they came out of Egypt, was a place where the means of life were not to be found; where no one family could subsist, much less a company of 600,000 men. God mentions these things to show that it was by the bounty of an especial providence that they were fed and preserved alive. Previously to this, it was a land through which no man passed, and in which no man dwelt. And why? because it did not produce the means of life; it was the shadow of death in its appearance, and the grave to those who committed themselves to it.
Verse 7. And I brought you into a plentiful country
The land of Canaan.
The particular property of God, which he gave to them as an inheritance, they being his peculiar people.
Verse 8. They that handle the law
vethophe shey, they that draw out the law; they whose office it is to explain it, draw out its spiritual meanings, and show to what its testimonies refer.
The pastors also
Kings, political and civil rulers.
Prophesied by Baal
Became his prophets, and were inspired with the words of lying spirits.
Verse 9. I will yet plead with you
arib, I will maintain my process, vindicate my own conduct, and prove the wickedness of yours.
Verse 10. The isles of Chittim
This is the island of Cyprus, according to Josephus. In 1 Maccabees, 1Mac 8:5, it is taken for Macedonia. Besides this, how they (the Romans) had discomfited in battle Philip and Perseus, king of the Chittims. Chittim was the grandson of Japhet; and Bochart has made it appear that the countries inhabited by the Chittim were Italy and the adjacent provinces of Europe, lying along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea; and probably this is the prophet's meaning.
Send unto Kedar
The name of an Arabian tribe. See if nations either near or remote, cultivated or stupid, have acted with such fickleness and ingratitude as you have done! They have retained their gods to whom they had no obligation; ye have abandoned your God, to whom ye owe your life, breath, and all things!
Verse 12. Be astonished, O ye heavens
Or, the heavens are astonished. The original will admit either sense. The conduct of this people was so altogether bad, that among all the iniquities of mankind, neither heaven nor earth had witnessed any thing so excessively sinful and profligate.
Verse 13. Two evils
First, they forsook God, the Fountain of life, light, prosperity, and happiness. Secondly, they hewed out broken cisterns; they joined themselves to idols, from whom they could receive neither temporal nor spiritual good! Their conduct was the excess of folly and blindness. What we call here broken cisterns, means more properly such vessels as were ill made, not staunch, ill put together, so that the water leaked through them.
Verse 14. Is Israel a servant?
Is he a slave purchased with money, or a servant born in the family? He is a son himself. If so, then, why is he spoiled? Not because God has not shown him love and kindness; but because he forsook God, turned to and is joined with idols.
Verse 15. The young lions roared upon him
The Assyrians, who have sacked and destroyed the kingdom of Israel, with a fierceness like that of pouncing upon their prey.
Verse 16. The children of Noph and Tahapanes
Noph and Tahapanes were two cities of Egypt, otherwise called Memphis and Daphni. It is well known that the good king was defeated by the Egyptians, and slain in battle. Thus was the crown of Judah's head broken.
Verse 18. What hast thou to do in the way of Egypt
Why dost thou make alliances with Egypt?
To drink the waters of Sihor?
This means the Nile. See on Isaiah 23:3.
The way of Assyria
Why make alliances with the Assyrians? All such connexions will only expedite thy ruin.
To drink the waters of the river?
The Euphrates, as nahar or hannahar always means Euphrates, the country between the Tigris and Euphrates, is termed to this day Maher alnahar, "the country beyond the river," i.e., Mesopotamia.
Instead of cleaving to the Lord, they joined affinity and made alliances with those two nations, who were ever jealous of them, and sought their ruin. Egypt was to them a broken reed instead of a staff; Assyria was a leaky cistern, from which they could derive no help.
Verse 20. Of old time I have broken thy yoke
It is thought by able critics that the verbs should be read in the second person singular, THOU hast broken thy yoke, THOU hast burst thy bonds; and thus the Septuagint, ÏÏ
, "thou hast broken thy yoke." And the Vulgate, Confregisti jugum meum, rupisti, vincula mea; "Thou hast broken my yoke; thou hast burst my bonds;" and so the Arabic. But the Chaldee gives it a meaning which removes the difficulty: "I have broken the yoke of the people from thy neck; I have cut your bonds asunder." And when this was done, they did promise fair: for "thou saidst, I will not transgress;" but still they played the harlot-committed idolatrous acts in the high places, where the heathen had built their altars, pretending that elevation of this kind assisted their devotion.
Verse 21. I had planted thee a noble vine
I gave thee the fullest instruction, the purest ordinances, the highest privileges; and reason would that I should expect thee to live suitably to such advantages; but instead of this thou art become degenerate; the tree is deteriorated, and the fruit is bad. Instead of being true worshippers, and of a holy life and conversation, ye are become idolaters of the most corrupt and profligate kind. See Isaiah 5:1,
Verse 22. For though thou wash thee with nitre
It should be rendered natar or natron, a substance totally different from our nitre. It comes from the root nathar, to dissolve, loosen, because a solution of it in water is abstersive, taking out spots, east for the purpose of washing. If vinegar be poured on it, Dr. Shaw says, a strong effervescence is the immediate consequence, which illustrates Proverbs 25:20: "The singing of songs to a heavy heart is like vinegar upon natron;" that is, there is no affinity between them; opposition and strife are occasioned by any attempt to unite them.
Thine iniquity is marked before me
No washing will take out thy spots; the marks of thy idolatry and corruption are too deeply rooted to be extracted by any human means.
Verse 23. See thy way in the valley
The valley of Hinnom, where they offered their own children to Moloch, an idol of the Ammonites.
A swift dromedary traversing her ways
Dr. Blayney translates, "A fleet dromedary that hath taken to company with her."
Dr. Dahler rather paraphrases, thus:-
Semblable a une dromedaire en chaleur, Qui court d'une tote a l'autre.
"Like to a dromedary in her desire for the male, Which runs hither and thither."
This is an energetic comparison; and shows the unbridled attachment of those bad people to idolatry, and the abominable practices by which it was usually accompanied.
Verse 24. A wild *** used to the wilderness
Another comparison to express the same thing.
Snuffeth up the wind
In a high fever from the inward heat felt at such times, these animals open their mouths and nostrils as wide as possible, to take in large draughts of fresh air, in order t